Grammatical Agreement Is

As writers, we strive to create text that is not only engaging and informative but also grammatically sound. One essential aspect of grammar that is often overlooked but crucial to effective communication is agreement. Grammatical agreement is the concept of ensuring that all the elements of a sentence are in harmony with one another, i.e., they agree with each other in terms of gender, number, case, and tense.

Agreement helps to create coherence and clarity in writing. When the elements of a sentence do not agree, it can make the sentence difficult to understand, and the reader may be left confused or frustrated. For instance, consider the following sentence:

“Their children eats too much candy.”

In this sentence, there is a disagreement between the subject “their children” and the verb “eats.” The subject is plural, but the verb is singular, which creates confusion. Correcting the sentence by changing the verb to its plural form makes it more coherent and understandable:

“Their children eat too much candy.”

In English, there are various types of agreement that we need to pay attention to, including:

1. Subject-Verb Agreement

The subject-verb agreement is the most common form of agreement, and it involves ensuring that the verb agrees with the subject in terms of number and person. For example, in the sentence “The dog barks,” the singular subject “dog” requires the singular verb “barks.”

2. Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

Pronoun-antecedent agreement is ensuring that the pronoun agrees in number, gender, and case with its antecedent, the noun or pronoun it refers to. For example, in the sentence “John went to the store, and he bought a sandwich,” the singular pronoun “he” agrees in gender and number with its antecedent “John.”

3. Adjective-Noun Agreement

Adjective-noun agreement is ensuring that the adjective agrees in gender, number, and case with the noun it modifies. For example, in the sentence “The red car is mine,” the singular noun “car” requires the singular adjective “red” to agree in gender, number, and case.

4. Tense Agreement

Tense agreement is ensuring that the verbs in a sentence agree with each other in terms of tense. For example, in the sentence “I have eaten breakfast and will go to work,” both verbs “have eaten” and “will go” agree in tense.

In conclusion, grammatical agreement is essential to effective communication in writing. Ensuring that the elements of a sentence agree with each other in terms of gender, number, case, and tense helps to make the text coherent, clear, and easy to understand. As a professional, I understand the importance of grammatical agreement in creating effective content that ranks well, engages readers, and delivers value to clients.